Jefferson Davis served in congress and as Secretary of War for four years. He was the leading southern spokesman for the expansion of slavery and sovereignty of the states. In January 1861, Senator Jefferson Davis resigned his Senate seat after making a speech advocating the right of the states to secede from the Union. On February 18, 1861, he was inaugurated as President of the Confederacy. By this time, six states had already left the Union; South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia and Louisiana. Texas soon followed.
The actions of Jefferson Davis, the Inauguration of President Lincoln, and the shots fired at Fort Sumter marked the beginning of the Civil War, April 12, 1861.
The Civil War did not end until April 9, 1865. More than 620,000 American lives were lost.
The Motts Military Museum contains an extensive Civil War collection with many one-of-a-kind items. The Museum also exhibits one of the finest Civil War Medical Collections in the country.
This Colt, 44Cal. Army Revolver
was manufactured in 1860. It was given to
our Museum by Korean War, POW, survivor,
Carl Cossin. It was used in the Civil War by
one of his relatives.
This company Guidon is from
the 17th Pennsylvania Calvary
(very rare). During the Gettysburg
Campaign (Pickett’s Charge),
Companies D & H were detached
as Fifth Corps headquarters
guards. This guidon was found
on the battlefield by a civilian
and remained with a local family until the
1960s. Museum Director Warren Motts
purchased the flag in 1985.
Maj. Thomas Henry wore this Union Coat
during the Civil War. He was in the 140th
Volunteer Infantry at Gettysburg, PA., 1863.
President Lincoln was asked by sculptor
L.W. Volk to sit for this life mask.
The process includes applying a plaster
mix directly to the President’s face. It is
signed, L.W. Volk and dated, 1860.
A bullet lodged in a
piece of wood from
Culp’s Hill at
Identification tags worn by
Union soldiers during
the Civil War.
Two Civil War bullets that
collided in mid-air.
Civil War surgical kit.
The saws in this kit
were used to perform
Two belt buckles
struck by bullet fire.